Born in Amsterdam but of Portuguese Marrano descent, Spinoza is unique in the history of modern Jewish thought.
Contact Baruch Spinoza Baruch Spinoza, a renowned Dutch philosopher, whose radical ideologies laid the foundation of the school of Spinozism.
His controversial beliefs on theology and moral practices brought him in the midst of broiling conflict and controversy with the Jewish and Christian communities.
However, in the 18th and 19th century, his work began garnering praise and approval.
Dutch philosopher Benedict de Spinoza was expelled from his synagogue for his rationalist ideas about God, which he later published in his work, Ethics. Benedict de Spinoza was born on Born: Nov 24, A biography of Baruch Spinoza, – , whose writings played an important role in shaping philosophy, theology, and politics in future centuries. Baruch Spinoza, Latinised Benedict de Spinoza () was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher whose work played the key role in formation of the modern Western thought. By rejecting the Descartes’ mind-body realism and the traditional presentation of God by the Jewish and Christian traditions, Spinoza paved the way to modern rationalism.
His father worked as a prosperous Portuguese Sephardic Jewish merchant, and Baruch was raised in a traditional Jewish setup. He was enrolled in the Keter Torah Yeshiva for his early education, and was also coached in languages, young Baruch gained proficiency in Portuguese, Hebrew, Spanish, French, Dutch and Latin.
Baruch was a brilliant student, and he showed aspirations to become a rabbi. However, the untimely death of his elder brother inforced him to give up his education and join the family business.
Inhe resumed his studies, and began taking Latin classes from Frances van den Enden. Frances encouraged Spinoza to engage in free thinking, and welcome the ideas of scholastic and modern philosophy.
His father passed away inBaruch declined his share of the inheritance, which passed on to his sister. He ran the family business for a short period of time, however, he encountered a severe financial crisis during the first Anglo-Dutch war, and he relinquished himself of the cares of the business by declaring himself an orphan.
His anti-theologian and radical teachings against the traditional doctrines of the Church led an imposition of a ban on him by the Talmud Torah congregation in He continued his criticism of the traditional religious practices unfazed, and soon became regarded as the first secular Jew of modern Europe.
Eventually, he was exiled from Amsterdam, following which, he stayed in the village of Ouderkerk aan de Amstel for a while. Inhe settled in Rinjnsburg, Leiden, and devoted his time to composing most of his highly acclaimed literary work. Meanwhile, he also provided his services as a lens-grinder and instrument maker in order to earn his daily bread and butter.
This treatise drew a lot of criticism, and init was legally banned. He also began composing a Dutch translation of the Bible, and another unfinished Hebrew work, which he later destroyed. The same year, his health started deteriorating, and it worsened the next year.Baruch Spinoza (/ b ə ˈ r uː k s p ɪ ˈ n oʊ z ə /; Dutch: [baːˈrux spɪˈnoːzaː]; born Benedito de Espinosa, Portuguese: [bɨnɨˈðitu ðɨ ʃpiˈnɔzɐ]; 24 November – 21 February , later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardi origin.
By laying the groundwork for the Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern. Spinozism (also spelled Spinozaism) is the monist philosophical system of Benedict de Spinoza that defines "God" as a singular self-subsistent Substance, with both matter and thought being attributes of such..
In a letter to Henry Oldenburg, Spinoza wrote: "as to the view of certain people that I identify god with nature (taken as a kind of mass or corporeal matter), they are quite mistaken".
A biography of Baruch Spinoza; Ethics of Spinoza; interpretations of Spinoza.
Leibniz judged Spinoza to be an outstanding microscopist. However, the German philosopher awarded the major honours to three other men, namely Jan Swammerdam, Marcello . A Book Forged in Hell: Spinoza's Scandalous Treatise and the Birth of the Secular Age [Steven Nadler] on torosgazete.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
When it appeared in , Baruch Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise was denounced as the most dangerous book ever published-- . The Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza () ranks as a major thinker in the rationalist tradition, and his Ethics is a classic of Western philosophy.
In his writings the crucial issues of metaphysics are exemplified more clearly than in any thinker since Plato. Baruch de Spinoza was born on November 24, , to parents Miguel de Espinoza and Ana Debora in Amsterdam, Dutch Republic. His father worked as a prosperous Portuguese Sephardic Jewish merchant, and Baruch was raised in a traditional Jewish setup.