Father of History or Father of Lies? He was both denigrated and venerated in his own time…and has remained so ever since. However, it is almost as difficult to understand his legacy as it is to chronicle his life.
As a son of a prominent family Herodotus received a good education sufficient to allow him to eventually gain an extensive familiarity with the literature of ancient Greece. He seems to have travelled very extensively in the Greek and Persian worlds into which he had been born.
The inhabited world as known of by Herodotus. In Herodotus day Halicarnassus was an "Ionian" Greek colonial town subject to Persian overlordship and located at the bottom left of Asia Minor.
During these times his initial destination seems to have been the the island of Samos but thereafter Herodotus traveled widely throughout virtually the entire ancient Middle East visiting Asia Minor, Babylonia, Egypt, and Greece.
Herodotus was centrally involved in the rebellious overthrow of the unpopular ruler of Halicarnassus and was thereby enabled to enjoy full rights of citizenship in his home city. He did not settle down there however but, circa BC, went to Athens, then the center and focus of culture in the Greek world, where he won the admiration of the most illustrious men of Greece, including the great Athenian statesman Pericles.
During a stay of some years in Athens Herodotus seems to have been awarded a substantial sum, by a decree of the people, in appreciation of his literary talents.
Herodotus did not enjoy the status of citizenship, with associated enhancements in rights, in Athens and this may have contributed to his joining in BC with a new colonial settlement at Thurii in southern Italy where he could hope to be a citizen. Such colonies were widely sponsored by individual greek city states for commercial reasons and also to better provide for the employment of their citizens.
In the several sections of The Histories, Herodotus describes the expansion of the Persian Achaemenid empire under several of its kings including Cyrus the Great BC: Book1Cambyses BC: Books 7, 8, 9 expedition in BCE against the Greeks, which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the land battles at Plataea and Mycale.
Herodotus of Halicarnassus hereby publishes the results of his inquiries, hoping to do two things: The entire work being an ambitious attempt to present the historical context of the Greek rivalry with Persia. The whole being a grandly concieved narrative with appropriate episodic diversions that manage to elucidate the main theme without seeming to interrupt its flow.
Thomas Babington Macaulay said of Herodotus that he: He wrote for a nation susceptible, curious, lively, insatiably desirous of novelty and excitement. Moral choice is still important, however, since arrogance Hubris brings down upon itself the retribution of the gods Nemesis.
Herodotus died in B. Some men give up their designs when they have almost reached the goal; While others, on the contrary, obtain a victory by exerting, at the last moment, more vigorous efforts than ever before.
He is the best man who, when making his plans, fears and reflects on everything that can happen to him, but in the moment of action is bold.
Popular European History pages at Age-of-the-Sage Several pages on our site, treating with aspects of nineteenth century European history, have been favored with some degree of popularity, rank highly in some search engines, and receive many visitors.
The preparation of these pages was greatly influenced by a particular "Philosophy of History" as suggested by this quote from the famous Essay "History" by Ralph Waldo Emerson: Of the works of this mind history is the record.
Its genius is illustrated by the entire series of days. Man is explicable by nothing less than all his history. Without hurry, without rest, the human spirit goes forth from the beginning to embody every faculty, every thought, every emotion, which belongs to it in appropriate events. But the thought is always prior to the fact; all the facts of history preexist in the mind as laws.
Each law in turn is made by circumstances predominant, and the limits of nature give power to but one at a time. A man is the whole encyclopaedia of facts. The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn, and Egypt, Greece, Rome, Gaul, Britain, America, lie folded already in the first man.Herodotus of Halicarnassus was a fifth-century BCE Hellenic traveler and thinker, a student of human beings in all our variety.
He is commonly referred to as “the father of history,” an appellation given him by the Roman orator and politician Cicero.
In the years, decades, and centuries that followed in the aftermath of the History, Herodotus was seen as entertainer, plagiarizer, and even outright liar, but despite what those who followed him thought about him and his work, he was the first, the father of the new study of history.
Herodotus of Halicarnassus was a fifth-century BCE Hellenic traveler and thinker, a student of human beings in all our variety. He is commonly referred to as “the father of history,” an appellation given him by the Roman orator and politician Cicero.
Biography of Herodotus – the ‘Father of History’! Herodotus was the first and foremost historian, and is regarded as the ‘father of history’. Back then, few bothered to record history, unless it was to boast of glorious deeds in inscriptions on monuments.
Herodotus had to rely on observation, traditional lore, and the testimony of others regarding the events he wished to document. To collect his information, Herodotus traveled widely. Herodotus Biography Herodotus was a Greek historian widely referred to as 'The Father of History'.
This biography of Herodotus provides detailed information about his Place Of Birth: Halicarnassus.