Some of the Founders—notably, John Adams and James Wilson —refer frequently to Aristotle and show a deep acquaintance with his Politics. Moreover, Aristotle generally enjoyed an authority among the Founders like that which he had exercised over the learned world for centuries beforehand. Hear what the learned Grotius says on this subject. When asked once what was the philosophy underlying the Declaration of IndependenceJefferson replied that:
Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle With the system of Eudaimonism, Plato and Aristotle attempt to arrive at a theory or system or set of moral principles or values dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation.
They further go on in applying these principles of conduct in governing an individual or group. Their main concern with conformity to this standard of right is the idea of virtue. They also seem to place one virtue as being of particular moral excellence. The standard and widely accepted definition of Eudaimonism is having a good attendant spirit or a theory that the highest ethical goal is happiness and personal well-being.
For both Plato and Aristotle the good appears to be happiness.
For Plato, this is where his interpretation of the meaning of Eudaimonism takes precedence. Eudaimonism takes a three part definition in this respect: This happiness, which appears to be the good, is only attainable through the exercise of certain virtues i.
In the Republic, it is clear that both the individual and the state must contain the virtues of wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice in order to have a functional system or person. For it is from living in truth to himself i.
Aristotle concludes in Book I, Chap. One way in which Aristotle refers to virtue is as the potential excellence of an individual, which seems to indicate what Plato meant.
Likewise, it is from the soul i. Aristotle also adds that this is an activity. This seems to imply a process which can only continue through a display of the virtue of integrity. A daimon appears similar to what today one refers to as natural talent or ability or God-given talent. The concept of a daimon suggests this idea well, for it is necessary for one to find this innate potential in order to enjoy life to its fullest i.
In Book IV of the Republic, Plato discusses the three virtues which hold both the ideal state and the ideal individual together which consist of: Aristotle approaches the soul somewhat differently in that he only suggests two parts of the soul Book I, Chap.
What keeps all three elements in the state and individual working properly is justice. In accordance with this statement, justice is the only way that a state will be productive. The right rule seems to imply justice while those in the state who determine what justice is are the rulers.
By doing so, the state attempts to desire the right thing i. This seems to be the form of education that Plato suggested by placing the rulers in charge with a need to know the good for the state; so that they may set up a state where people can discover their innate potential. Aristotle also suggests that reason needs to rule in the individual.
It also seems evident because Aristotle suggests that it is by wisdom that the soul possesses truth; not to mention, that he states in Book X, Chap. It appears that one gains wisdom through experience; and thus, gains knowledge; so it would be through reason that one is able to arrive at their innate potential.
Socrates states in the Apology p. Many things which Aristotle discusses in the Nicomachean Ethics suggests that wisdom i. Aristotle seems to express that the most important virtue for humans is intellectual i.
This all leads back to what Aristotle expresses in Book I, Chap. In Book I, Chap. This being the case it seems obvious why one would build the trait of integrity through self-fulfillment for they would be in a state of completeness and they could not be driven from their life-course for any reason just as Socrates in the Apology.
So it follows that the virtue i. This resembles what Plato suggests by the virtue of justice in that the whole society will be productive if everyone follows their daimon Book IV, Republic.
Contrary to the popularly-held interpretation that Plato believes virtue is knowledge, it appears that he believes knowledge is a virtue but not that knowledge is Virtue itself. An area where there appears to lie some difference between Plato and Aristotle is concerning virtues as a whole, because Aristotle concentrates a bit more on the subject than does Plato.
He offers a more abstract definition. Aristotle states it directly when he claims in Book X, Chap. Integrity comes into view as the second fundamental virtue in that it causes one to continue following their daimon.Aristotle explores and finds happiness to be the best fit for these criteria of the Idea of Good.
We must pause for a moment to clarify the translation of eudaimonia, translated to “happiness” in the text. Aristotle states that the philosopher is in the best state of mind and is the dearest to the gods because they are most akin to them and that philosophers will be happiest of any other people (Book X, Chap.
8, Nicomachean Ethics). Aristotle states that the philosopher is in the best state of mind and is the dearest to the gods because they are most akin to them and that philosophers will be happiest of any other people (Book X, Chap.
8, Nicomachean Ethics). Aristotle's Concept of Happiness - Download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
This file is about aristotle's ideas about the concept of human happiness. This file is about aristotle's ideas about the concept of human happiness. the ancient conception of happiness is "a torosgazete.comed state of. Socrates has a unique place in the history of happiness, as he is the first known figure in the West to argue that happiness is actually obtainable through human effort.
He was born in Athens, Greece in BC; like most ancient peoples, the Greeks had a rather pessimistic view of human existence. Phi final. STUDY. PLAY. According to James, pragmatism was meant to be a method for solving metaphysifal disputes In Aristotleian terms, happiness is the state of actualizing or realizing a thing's function.
true. Aristotle thought of happiness in terms of _____ According to Aristotle, happiness is. a by-product of living a well.