A history of the great london plague in 1665

Source 3b Background There are three types of plague. Most of the sick in had bubonic plague. This created swellings buboes in the lymph nodes found in the armpits, groin and neck.

A history of the great london plague in 1665

DNA testing has for the first time confirmed the identity of the bacteria behind London's Great Plague. The plague of was the last major outbreak of bubonic plague in Britain, killing. Plague was not a new disease for London in In that year it just happened that conditions meant that all was in place for an epidemic: a mild winter that d. In the Great Fire of London destroyed much of the centre of London, but also helped to kill off some of the black rats and fleas that carried the plague bacillus. Bubonic Plague was known as the Black Death and had been known in England for centuries. It was a ghastly disease.

Death in the form of plague. People called it the Black Death, black for the colour of the tell-tale lumps that foretold its presence in a victim's body, and death for the inevitable result.


The plague germs were carried by fleas which lived as parasites on rats. Although it had first appeared in Britain inthe islands were never totally free of plague, but it was like an unpleasant possibility that people just learned to live with while they got on with their business.

This time it was different. In plague ravaged Holland. Charles II forbade any trade with the Dutch, partly out of wise concern, and partly because his realm was engaged in a fierce trade war with Holland which eventually erupted into armed conflict.

Despite the precautions, the early spring of brought a sudden rise in the death rate in the poorer sections of London. The authorities ignored it. As spring turned into one of the hottest summers in memory, the number of deaths escalated and panic set in.

A history of the great london plague in 1665

The rich flee The nobility left the city for their estates in the country. They were followed by the merchants, and the lawyers.

Great Plague of London - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Inns of Court were deserted. Most of the clergy suddenly decided they could best minister to their flocks from far, far away. The College of Surgeons fled to the country, which did not stop several of its members from writing learned papers about the disease they had been at such pains to avoid.

The court moved to Hampton Court Palace. The gates are closed By June the roads were clogged with people desperate to escape London.

London and the Great Plague of - History Learning Site

The Lord Mayor responded by closing the gates to anyone who did not have a certificate of health. These certificates became a currency more valuable than gold, and a thriving market in forged certificates grew up.

Desperate Measures By mid July over 1, deaths per week were reported in the city. It was rumored that dogs and cats spread the disease, so the Lord Mayor ordered all the dogs and cats destroyed.

Author Daniel Defoe in his Journal of the Plague Years estimated that 40, dogs andcats were killed. The real effect of this was that there were fewer natural enemies of the rats who carried the plague fleas, so the germs spread more rapidly. Anyone in constant contact with plague victims, such as doctors, nurses, inspectors, were compelled to carry coloured staffs outdoors so that they could be easily seen and avoided.

When one person in a house caught the plague the house was sealed until 40 days after the victim either recovered or died usually the latter.Plague was not a new disease for London in In that year it just happened that conditions meant that all was in place for an epidemic: a mild winter that d.

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The Great Plague of London, **** Jim Peter The Great Fire of London, September **** Jim Peter Extract from “Anarchists, Hippies and Other Undesirables”, A book by David White & Mikaya Heart. Bubonic Plague, known as the Black Death, first hit the British Isles in , killing nearly a third of the population.

Although regular outbreaks of the plague had occurred since, the outbreak of was the worst case since Apr 01,  · The Great Plague of killed , Londoners – one in three of the people living in the city.


The Great Plague Plague had been around in England for centuries but in it was Stuart London that suffered. This was the worst outbreak of plague in England since the black death of Great Plague of London: History, Outbreak & Facts.

The Great Plague of London was a major moment in English The Great Plague of occurred because rats infested with the Yersinia.

DNA confirms cause of London's Great Plague - BBC News