An understanding of affirmative action

Affirmative Action and Financial Aid Affirmative action is often defined as the effort to improve access to higher education for minority and female students.

An understanding of affirmative action

A large percentage of White workers will lose out if affirmative action is continued. Government statistics do not support this myth. According to the U. Commerce Department, there are 2. Bureau of the Census, Furthermore, affirmative action pertains only to job-qualified applicants, so the actual percentage of affected Whites would be even smaller.

The main sources of job loss among White workers have to do with factory relocations and labor contracting outside the United States, computerization and automation, and corporate downsizing Ivins, If Jewish people and Asian Americans can rapidly advance economically, African Americans should be able to do the same.

This comparison ignores the unique history of discrimination against Black people in America.

Over the past four centuries, Black history has included nearly years of slavery, years of legalized discrimination, and only 50 years of anything else.

Jews and Asians, on the other hand, are populations that immigrated to North America and included doctors, lawyers, professors, and entrepreneurs among their ranks. Moreover, European Jews are able to function as part of the White majority.

To expect Blacks to show the same upward mobility as Jews and Asians is to deny the historical and social reality that Black people face. You can't cure discrimination with discrimination. The problem with this myth is that it uses the same word -- discrimination -- to describe two very different things.

Job discrimination is grounded in prejudice and exclusion, whereas affirmative action is an effort to overcome prejudicial treatment through inclusion. The most effective way to cure society of exclusionary practices is to make special efforts at inclusion, which is exactly what affirmative action does.

The logic of affirmative action is no different than the logic of treating a nutritional deficiency with vitamin supplements.

For a healthy person, high doses of vitamin supplements may be unnecessary or even harmful, but for a person whose system is out of balance, supplements are an efficient way to restore the body's balance. Affirmative action tends to undermine the self-esteem of women and racial minorities.

For instance, a Gallup poll asked employed Blacks and employed White women whether they had ever felt others questioned their abilities because of affirmative action Roper Center for Public Opinion, c. Indeed, in many cases affirmative action may actually raise the self-esteem of women and minorities by providing them with employment and opportunities for advancement.

Affirmative action is nothing more than an attempt at social engineering by liberal Democrats. In truth, affirmative action programs have spanned a dozen different presidential administrations -- seven Republican and five Democratic.

Although the originating document of affirmative action was President Lyndon Johnson's Executive Orderthe policy was significantly expanded in by President Richard Nixon and then Secretary of Labor George Schultz.

President George Bush also enthusiastically signed the Civil Rights Act ofwhich formally endorsed the principle of affirmative action. Thus, affirmative action has traditionally enjoyed the support of Republicans as well as Democrats.

An understanding of affirmative action

Support for affirmative action means support for preferential selection procedures that favor unqualified candidates over qualified candidates.

Actually, most supporters of affirmative action oppose this type of preferential selection. Preferential selection procedures can be ordered along the following continuum: Selection among equally qualified candidates. The mildest form of affirmative action selection occurs when a female or minority candidate is chosen from a pool of equally qualified applicants e.In this module you'll develop an understanding of what "Employment Equity" means, its context in South African businesses, and why it's necessary.

You'll learn the difference between Employment Equity and Affirmative Action, and the purpose of this law. Watch the video presentation below to . Understanding affirmative action in the workplace On behalf of Jeffrey Fulton of Law Office of Jeffrey D. Fulton posted in Workplace Discrimination on Friday, September 15, When people think about affirmative action, they may realize they do not know much about it.

The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, – (The Wilder House Series in Politics, History and Culture) 1st Edition.

Affirmative action is a controversial and often poorly understood policy. It is also a policy that has been widely studied by social scientists. In this review, we outline how affirmative action operates in employment and education settings and consider the major points of controversy. Feminism? You want feminism? Which brand would you like? Feminism -- Definitions of Terms. Index of Terms. Preamble. Whatever positive image the word feminist may have had, it has been tarnished by those who have made it their own, and I, for one, am content to leave the militants in full possession of the term. — Dale O'Leary in her book. In this module you'll develop an understanding of what "Employment Equity" means, its context in South African businesses, and why it's necessary. You'll learn the difference between Employment Equity and Affirmative Action, and the purpose of this law. Watch the video presentation below to .

Questions and Answers: The EEOC's Final Rule on Affirmative Action for People with Disabilities in Federal Employment. On January 3, , the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) issued a final rule to amend the regulations implementing Section of the Rehabilitation Act of (Section ).

Jan 21,  · On Thursday, the Supreme Court narrowly upheld affirmative action in higher education admissions, protecting a landmark victory of the Civil Rights movement against yet another assault.

Because affirmative action is not well understood, in or out of the academy, the article starts with definitions, both general and technical, contrasts affirmative action with equal opportunity, and touches on the distinction between policy and practice.

An understanding of affirmative action
Penn: Office of Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity Programs