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Theodoros II 99 comments Jay asks: Conflict spanned from subtle espionage in the biggest cities of the world to violent combat in the tropical jungles of Vietnam.
It ranged from nuclear submarines gliding noiselessly through the depths of the oceans to the most technologically-advanced satellites in geosynchronous orbits in space.
In basketball and hockey, in ballet and the arts, from the Berlin Wall to the moviesthe political and cultural war waged by Communists and Capitalists was a colossal confrontation on a scale never before seen in human history.
One of the earliest events in the origin of the Cold War arose from the anti-Communism remarks of British leader Winston Churchill.
On March 5,in a famous speech characteristic of the political climate of the time, he said: Behind that line lie all the capitals of Cold war and ukraine ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe.
Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very Cold war and ukraine and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow.
What some historians call anti-communism, others analyze as fear, because Stalin, shortly after invading Berlin, had gone on to conquer all of Eastern Europe. The Zhdanov Doctrine claimed that the United States was seeking global domination through American imperialism, as well as the collapse of democracy.
On the other hand, according to this Doctrine, the Soviet Union was intent on eliminating imperialism and the remaining traces of fascism, while strengthening democracy. Soviet power, unlike that of Hitlerite Germany, is neither schematic nor adventuristic.
It does not work by fixed plans. It does not take unnecessary risks. For this reason it can easily withdraw—and usually does when strong resistance is encountered at any point. The Soviet Union and the United States, two nations that had never been enemies on any field, and which had fought side by side during WWII, were now undeclared enemies in a war that would never break out in the open, but which would last for more than fifty years.
When in the Soviet Union developed its first atomic bombthe confrontation between the USA and the USSR escalated to the nuclear level, and humanity trembled at the prospect of a global nuclear catastrophe. The s introduced America to one of the darkest and most illiberal ideas in its political and social history — McCarthyism.
The government, and even private enterprise, recklessly accused thousands of Americans of being Communists or fellow travelers and sympathizers, and subjected them to interrogation, investigation and sanctions. McCarthyism became a broad political and cultural phenomenon that ultimately tarnished the benevolent global reputation of the United States.
The Cold War continued even after McCarthyism was largely exposed as paranoia and self-serving propaganda. Kennedy was elected to the presidencyand shortly after, two crises erupted.
The exact number will never be known, but perhaps as many as two hundred East Germans were shot and killed trying to escape over the Wall. Then inthe Cuban missile crisis exploded, and the world was a breath away from nuclear war.
How close did we come? The two, being in agreement, had the authority to launch. The only thing that stopped them was the vehement arguments from one man: Vasili Arkhipov, the man who saved the world.
What started the crisis? InCuba had fallen under the leadership of Fidel Castro, who had rejected American influence to ally himself with the Soviets. In the fall ofAmerican spy planes discovered that Castro was installing Soviet nuclear missiles capable of quickly striking targets in the US.
The United States navy blockaded Cuba, preventing Soviet deliveries of war materials. For a heart-stopping time the world lurched toward nuclear war.
Eventually, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev agreed to remove Soviet missiles on the island in exchange for the American withdrawal of equally strategically placed missiles from Turkey. From tothe United States was involved in the war in Vietnam, where the Soviets supplied the Viet Cong with munitions; while during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan from toAmerica supported the Afghan Mujahideen.
Nevertheless American and Soviet soldiers were never to confront one other on a field of battle. During the s, the space race became a much more peaceful, and beneficial, battlefield- this time for technological and ideological superiority.
They followed up by shooting the first human, Yuri Gagarin, into space in and the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova, in Soviet cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov was the first to leave his spacecraft and go for a spacewalk, almost getting stuck out there in the process.
Except for the US boycott of the Moscow Olympics in and the corresponding Soviet boycott of the Olympics in Los Angeles, most sports contests had some underlying political tension but no overt political content.
During the s, the crumbling of the economic and political structures of the Soviet Union became increasingly apparent. Bywhen Mikhail Gorbachev came to power, the Soviet Union was embroiled in disastrous economic problems.
In addition, the Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe were abandoning communism one after the other.China is waging a “quiet kind of cold war” against the United States, using all its resources to try to replace America as the leading power in the world, a top CIA expert on Asia said Friday.
A quarter-century after the end of the Cold War, the world unexpectedly finds itself in a second one. This state of affairs was anything but inevitable, and it is in neither side's interest to escalate tensions further.
The fall of the Berlin Wall. The shredding of the Iron Curtain. The end of the Cold War. When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed the reins of power in the Soviet Union .
|Keep Exploring Britannica||Visit Website Did you know? The Atomic Age The containment strategy also provided the rationale for an unprecedented arms buildup in the United States.|
|A Blacklisted Film and the New Cold War – Consortiumnews||Haass A quarter-century after the end of the Cold War, the world unexpectedly finds itself in a second one. This state of affairs was anything but inevitable, and it is in neither side's interest to escalate tensions further.|
3 thoughts on “ Disinformation and Reflexive Control: The New Cold War ” Wilford Garvin February 2, at PM. Good summary, thanks for sharing.
For anyone interested in more information on the Russian perspective, Diane Chotikul’s paper is a great read. From Estonian militias to separatist fighters in Ukraine, tensions between NATO and Russia are approaching Cold War levels.
The Cold War was the geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle between two world superpowers, the USA and the USSR, that started in at the end of the Second World War and lasted until the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 26,