Dissertation on oriental gardening william chambers

Mountains Beneath the Horizon Bell William.

Dissertation on oriental gardening william chambers

These gardens were large enclosed parks where the kings and nobles hunted game, or where fruit and vegetables were grown. Early inscriptions from this period, carved on tortoise shells, have three Chinese characters for garden, you, pu and yuan. You was a royal garden where birds and animals were kept, while pu was a garden for plants.

During the Qin Dynasty — BCyuan became the character for all gardens. The park was described in the Shijing Classic of Poetry this way: The Emperor makes his promenade in the Park of the Spirit, The deer are kneeling on the grass, feeding their fawns, The deer are beautiful and resplendent.

The immaculate cranes have plumes of a brilliant white. The Emperor makes his promenade to the Pond of the Spirit, The water is full of fish, who wriggle. It was composed of an earth terrace, or tai, which served as an observation platform in the center of a large square park.

It was described in one of the early classics of Chinese literature, the Records of the Grand Historian Shiji. A large pool, big enough for several small boats, was constructed on the palace grounds, with inner linings of polished oval shaped stones from the sea shores.

The pool was then filled with wine. A small island was constructed in the middle of the pool, where trees were planted, which had skewers of roasted meat hanging from their branches.

King Zhou and his friends and concubines drifted in their boats, drinking the wine with their hands and eating the roasted meat from the trees. Later Chinese philosophers and historians cited this garden as an example of decadence and bad taste.

In BC, an even more elaborate garden, the Terrace of Gusu, was begun. It was located on the side of a mountain, and included a series of terraces connected by galleries, along with a lake where boats in the form of blue dragons navigated.

From the highest terrace, a view extended as far as Lake Taithe Great Lake.

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On this island were palaces of gold and silver, with jewels on the trees. There was no pain, no winter, wine glasses and rice bowls were always full, and fruits, when eaten, granted eternal life. He heard the legend of the islands and sent emissaries to find the islands and bring back the elixir of immortal life, without success.

At his palace near his capital, Xianyanghe created a garden with a large lake called Lanchi gong or the Lake of the Orchids. On an island in the lake he created a replica of Mount Penglai, symbolizing his search for paradise. After his death, the Qin Empire fell in BC and his capital city and garden were completely destroyed, but the legend continued to inspire Chinese gardens.The famous Dissertation on Oriental Gardening by the English architect Sir William Chambers () was a fanciful account intended to further the current revolt in England against the almost universal Brownian park garden.

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Dissertation on oriental gardening william chambers

A Dissertation on Oriental Gardening [William Chambers] on torosgazete.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This is a reproduction of a book published before This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pagesAuthor: William Chambers.

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