Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, can be separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.
Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, is often separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.
Delinquent activity, particularly the involvement in youth gangs, may also be caused by a desire for protection against violence or financial hardship, as the offenders view delinquent activity as a means of surrounding themselves with resources to protect against these threats.
Most of these influences tend to be caused by a mix of both genetic and environmental factors. This may increase the chances of offending because low educational attainment, a low attachment to school, and low educational aspirations are all risk factors for offending in themselves.
These factors may lead to the child having low IQ and may increase the rate of illiteracy. Children who are often in conflict with their parents may be less willing to discuss their activities with them.
Although children are rejected by peers for many reasons, it is often the case that they are rejected due to violent or aggressive behavior. This rejections affects the child's ability to be socialized properly, which can reduce their aggressive tendencies, and often leads them to gravitate towards anti-social peer groups.
This often leads to an impulsive and aggressive reaction. Children resulting from unintended pregnancies are more likely to exhibit delinquent behavior. For classicists, offenders are motivated by rational self-interestand the importance of free will and personal responsibility is emphasized.
Delinquency is one of the major factors motivated by rational choice. Social disorganization[ edit ] Current positivist approaches generally focus on the culture.
A type of criminological theory attributing variation in crime and delinquency over time and among territories to the absence or breakdown of communal institutions e. Strain[ edit ] Strain theory is associated mainly with the work of Robert Merton.
He felt that there are institutionalized paths to success in society. Strain theory holds that crime is caused by the difficulty those in poverty have in achieving socially valued goals by legitimate means.
Merton believed that drug users are in this category.
A difficulty with strain theory is that it does not explore why children of low-income families would have poor educational attainment in the first place. More importantly is the fact that much youth crime does not have an economic motivation.
Strain theory fails to explain violent crimethe type of youth crime that causes most anxiety to the public. Differential association[ edit ] The theory of Differential association also deals with young people in a group context, and looks at how peer pressure and the existence of gangs could lead them into crime.
It suggests young people are motivated to commit crimes by delinquent peers, and learn criminal skills from them. The diminished influence of peers after men marry has also been cited as a factor in desisting from offending.
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|Massachusetts||The Federal Interagency Reentry Council Health Care, Treatment, and Benefits Report [PDF] Health and Behavioral Health People in the criminal justice system experience chronic health conditions, infectious diseases, substance use disorders, and mental illnesses at much higher rates than the general population. Of those who had a mental illness, about three-quarters also had a co-occurring substance use disorder.|
|Child Welfare Topics||The number of delinquency cases waived to adult criminal courts increased by 71 percent between and Szymanski, The age at which a juvenile may be tried as an adult has been lowered in over half of the states.|
|Topic Lists||Each brief is designed to get key findings from the literature review into the hands of policymakers and practitioners. Overall, the briefs are intended to provide trustworthy, up-to-date information that can be used to identify what works to combat sexual offending and prevent sexual victimization.|
|NRRC Facts & Trends | CSG Justice Center||The specific intent of the program is to produce scholars with three characteristics: First, graduates will have superior empirical skills.|
There is strong evidence that young people with criminal friends are more likely to commit crimes themselves. However it may be the case that offenders prefer to associate with one another, rather than delinquent peers causing someone to start offending. Furthermore there is the question of how the delinquent peer group became delinquent initially.
Labeling[ edit ] Labeling theory is a concept within Criminology that aims to explain deviant behavior from the social context rather than looking at the individual themselves. It is part of Interactionism criminology that states that once young people have been labeled as criminal they are more likely to offend.
The four types of control can help prevent juvenile delinquency are: Control through needs satisfaction, i. Around six to sixteen percent of male teens and two to nine percent of female teens have a conduct disorder.Juvenile Crime Juvenile Crime research papers illustrate that the juvenile justice system in the United States is deeply flawed.
Research papers on juvenile crime will be able to illustrate that the juvenile justice system in the United States is deeply flawed.
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Try it today! Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice: An Interdisciplinary Journal provides academics and practitioners in juvenile justice and related fields with a resource for publishing current empirical research on programs, policies, and practices in the areas of youth violence and juvenile justice.
Emphasis is placed on such topics as serious and violent juvenile offenders, juvenile offender recidivism. Powerful Writing Tools for the Modern-Day Student Search thousands of model essays to help you refine your thesis, get inspiration on paper topics, and battle writer’s block.
10 Juvenile Justice Research Paper Topics You Can Feel Free To Use. If you are about to write a research paper on topics concerning juvenile justice, you . 12 Catchy Research Paper Topics On Juvenile Delinquency.
In criminal justice programs, English classes and social services degrees, students will often have to .