In the recent time local government has generated a lot of interest in the national polities as a result of its strategic influence and impact on the life of the citizen of the grassroots.
State monopoly over international trade Local government tax utilization and mobilization. Hundred percent price liberalization.
Recommendations The major objective of decentralization in the region has been to evolve a mechanism to enable rural people to provide effective inputs to development programmes. The following suggestions can be made.
Devise effective mechanisms to make local-level institutions participatory so that rural people can integrate their needs in development programmes.
Ensure bottom-up planning and its integration with development efforts at upper levels. A strategic plan for decentralization with strong commitment of the government, political parties and donor communities. Institutions with proper human and financial resources.
Appropriate methods of monitoring and evaluation need to be developed and applied to ensure flexibility and strategic planning. Institutional innovation is an integral part of the process since the creation and restructuring of local level institutions are necessary pre-requisites for success and sustainability of local development efforts.
Despite the existence of various mechanisms, inadequate coordination of activities among the various agencies seems to persist and emerges as a critical bottleneck in the CIRDAP member countries.
Innovative efforts are required to overcome such deficiencies.
The effectiveness of local government from the district to the village level is again compromised by its dependence on the state and even the centre for resources. The influence of the line ministries extends to the local level where officials retain dual loyalties to the parent ministry and local elective institutions.
The services of employees should be fully delegated to the local bodies in order to make the devolution of power effective. Decentralization of governance to the rural level is crucial for empowering the majority poor in the region to overcome food and income insecurity.
The extent of decentralization in South Asian countries may be measured in terms of: Capacity building of the rural poor and of local institutions to plan, implement and monitor local development is a priority in these countries. An attempt is made to review efforts towards this in the South Asian countries.
Bangladesh Despite a declared policy to enhance local government expenditure, this still remains below 3 percent of GDP gross domestic product. Donors have shown a preference to work with NGOs and other community-based organizations.
But there is now a greater need for a viable local government system for sustainable institution building and economic development.
Well acknowledged NGO efforts in capacity building need to be supplemented by governmental organization at the grassroots level. The Bangladesh Rural Development Board is to supplement the activities of NGOs for capacity building and provision of livelihood information to poor households, which will be met through organized training at different levels of local administration.
India The Government of India through the Ministry of Rural Development has initiated a national action plan for capacity building of 3. Most rural poor in India have a small asset base.
The Gram Panchayat elected village council is responsible for developing and managing community property resources such as forests, pastures, degraded lands and water sources on the one hand, and rural infrastructure on the other. All this requires capacity building.
Nepal The Local Self-governance Act and Regulations are milestones in decentralization which provide the framework for a local participatory planning process. The problems noticed in the implementation of decentralization are: The Local Development Fund programme mobilised community participation to implement micro-infrastructure projects in rural areas.
Donor agencies have supported the process of local governance, particularly in the areas of capacity building, institutions and social mobilization. It is a unique programme to strengthen local governments with participatory planning, organizational management, monitoring capabilities and to create district-level data bases and local plans.
Usually, the government shares some of the cost. Pakistan The Local Government Ordinance provides for devolution and institutional restructuring, besides distribution of resources at district level and strengthening of grassroots organizations.
The key features of the ordinance are: Sri Lanka The functional autonomy of local councils is inadequate because of limited powers, limited financial resources and multiple checks on their working. The Independent South Asian Commission on Poverty Alleviation outlined a regional strategy with the following objectives: Capacity building for the poor through capacity building of decentralized institutions such as self-help groups and locally elected bodies is to be stressed.
Examples of subjects relevant for capacity building are: This includes development of market information, policy support, cost and quality effectiveness. Small-scale enterprise development by self-help groups as in Bangladesh, India and Nepal.
Local government bodies can play a major role in the formation of self-help groups and in enhancing their capacities to set up viable rural enterprises.a.
To find out whether effective utilization of local government finance has significant effect mobilization of local resources, promoting social and economic improvement and development. expenditure and tax-raising powers among the three tiers of government.
More fundamentally, it. Impact of Tax Administration on Government Revenue in a Developing Economy state and local government shall as well be examined in other to identify the causes of tax evasion and avoidance.
government simply cannot tax a country into prosperity”. As important as tax revenue is to a nation, many people. This will help set targets for revenue mobilization and utilization as well as expenditure spreading over the entire state economy.
tax revenue to GDP ratio plummeted from about 20 percent to 12 percent and non-oil tax from and N1 million each from the 18 local government councils of the state for a period of fifteen years (CRS Reserve.
The objective of the study of tax collection and revenue mobilization in local government council in Enugu South is to determine or to ascertain 1. The level of corruption or sharp practices on the part of the tax collectors and revenue generators in the local government area. Revenue Leakages, Prevention and Internal Controls in MMDAs.
we wanted to explore a lot of areas within the local government revenue mobilization scheme so as to prescribe solutions which will greater impact on the revenue mobilization of the Assembly. Adenike A. Adedokun (undated). Local Government Tax Mobilization and Utilization .
capacity building on tax collection, planning and budget analysis; willingness of UP representatives to collect taxes; clear and precise direction for various local government institutions; eliminating local and regional discrimination in allocating resources; establishing Local .