A Discussion of Stichopus Fuscus By:
Open in a separate window Source: There is lack of official data regarding the major export destinations for most of the sea cucumber landing, however, it is generally assumed that majority of the catches are supplied to fulfill the Asian east and southeast Asian regions market Sea cucumber essay demands.
Of the 52 commercially exploited species, most are tropical and sub-tropical species belonging to the families of Holothuridae and Stichopodidae, including the genus Actinopyga, Bohadschia, Stichopus and Holothuria [ 68 ].
The highest Holothuroidea capture landings in the s were yielded by Indonesia, followed by the Philippines. Japan as the largest capture fishery producer of the Sea cucumber essay species A. The FAO Food and Agriculture Organization sea cucumber capture statistics are usually given on wet weights basis, therefore, the data for landings of sea cucumbers in Southeast Asia seems to be underestimated [ 68 ].
This prompts the need to verify whether the data recorded were truly dried and not the wet weight basis. With the exception of China, where a major portion of sea cucumber production is from aquaculture ca.
One of the main problems contributing towards the depletion of sea cucumber resources is overfishing. Excluding Japan, other countries of Asia are usually deficient in management practices to conserve and sustain their sea cucumber fisheries.
Most importantly, the two major producing countries, the Philippines and Indonesia are lacking specific management measures required for conversation of sea cucumbers. Besides, lack of accurate statistics, habitat loss, global warming and excessive and uncontrolled uses are some of the other currently prevailing threats to sustaining the sea cucumber fisheries resources [ 68 ].
China Hong Kong SAR have the largest entrepot controlling with contribution of 80 percent of the global import-export sea cucumber trade which might be attributed to the ability of the regions to serve as a corridor for goods to the hinterland of mainland China [ 6869 ]. The countries engaged in the trade of sea cucumbers, world over, mostly export trepang to one of the given three main hubs, from where they are re-exported mostly to Chinese consumers worldwide.
According to Bruckner et al. Two-way trade is also in practice among the three main exporting centers. For the period between andaverage imports were at around t. On the other hand, consumption of sea cucumbers in China Hong Kong SAR, peaked in twas decreased from an average value of t between and to a level of It is widely accepted that superior quality products are those from Japan, South Africa, the Pacific coast of South America and Australia while those derived from the Philippines, Indonesia, and China are of lower quality owing to the composition of species and the substandard processing techniques employed [ 6869 ].
According to the FAO global statistics report on sea cucumber, Indonesia is the top most trepang exporter worldwide. The retail price of A. Besides, the main trade for the food purposes, there are perhaps hundreds of thousands of sea cucumbers that are marketed for aquarium industry; however information on species, their exact quantities and source countries are rarely available [ 12 ].
Food Value and Important Nutrients Although there are many cultured and harvestable sea cucumber species, but around 20 species are reported with relatively high economic and food value. They are widely consumed by people in China, Japan and South Asia [ 70 ].
They are valued as a nutritious dish among the aboriginal people of South East Aisa [ 720 ]. From nutritional view-point, sea cucumbers are ideal tonic and have an impressive profile of high-value nutrients such as Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 thiamineVitamin B2 riboflavinVitamin B3 niacinand minerals, especially calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc [ 2253 ].
Proximate composition of fresh sea cucumbers may differ to a wider extent depending upon the species, seasonal variations and feeding regimes. Typical data as reported in the literature reveal the contents of moisture, protein, fat, ash, and carbohydrates for fresh sea cucumbers to vary from Commercially processed dried sea cucumbers are rich source of crude protein in comparison to most of the seafoods so far in use.
The tested sea cucumbers in the given study [ 23 ], except Thelenota anax and Actinopyga caerulea have very low levels of fat 0.
Sea cucumbers contain an interesting combination of valuable amino acids; glycin being the major component ca.The sea cucumber, or Cucumaria frondosa, make up the class Holothuroidae, of the phylum Echinodermata. The sea cucumber is related to the starfish, and can be described as big slug-like blobs.
Sea cucumbers have a rubbery-like, warty body and their length can range from inches to feet. Oct 10, · Sea cucumbers, belonging to the class Holothuroidea, are marine invertebrates, habitually found in the benthic areas and deep seas across the world. They have high commercial value coupled with increasing global production and trade.
Sea cucumbers, informally named as bêche-de-mer, or gamat, have. Sea cucumbers breathe through branched respiratory tubes, or trees that go from the cloaca to the body cavity. The cloaca contract, forcing water into the respiratory.
The water is emptied into the body cavity and mixes with body fluids and supplies the sea cucumber with oxygen. Anti-viral and Anti-cancer Effect of Sea Cucumber Extracts.
Print Reference this. Published: 19th January The Anti-viral and Anti-cancer effect of secondary metabolite extracts from sea cucumber If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please click on the.
Sea cucumber change their size and weight on demand, spewing or inhaling water. Their migration patterns are unknown and the age of an individual cucumber is impossible to discern. Sea Cucumber Essay Report SEA CUCUMBER The ubiquitous holothurian, or the sea cucumber, is an echinoderm, a species like sea urchins and starfish. The sea cucumber has about 1, species worldwide. Oct 10, · Sea cucumbers, belonging to the class Holothuroidea, are marine invertebrates, habitually found in the benthic areas and deep seas across the world. They have high commercial value coupled with increasing global production and trade. Sea cucumbers, informally named as bêche-de-mer, or gamat, have.
One of Australia's oldest fisheries is the collection of sea cucumber, harvested by divers from throughout the Coral Sea in far North Queensland, Torres Straits and Western Australia. In the late s as many as divers operated from Cook Town, torosgazete.comlum: Echinozoa.
Sea Cucumber Essay Report SEA CUCUMBER The ubiquitous holothurian, or the sea cucumber, is an echinoderm, a species like sea urchins and starfish.
The sea cucumber has about 1, species worldwide.